Saturday, 12 October 2019 19:41

Anticoagulation news items. Week commencing 7th October 2019

NIHR Signal: Short-term dual antiplatelet treatment may be best for most patients after receiving a drug-eluting stent

National Institute for Health Research

Expert commentary is provided on a network meta-analysis (17 RCTs, n= 46,864) which showed standard 12-month treatment increased the risk of any bleeding compared with 6 month short-term treatment (OR 1.39, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.92).

 

Adherence and persistence to direct oral anticoagulants in atrial fibrillation: a population-based study

Heart

Study (n=36,652) found adherence & persistence to direct oral anticoagulants are low at 1 yr with heterogeneity across drugs and over time at individual and system levels. Authors state better understanding of contributory factors will inform interventions to improve adherence.

 

Antithrombotic treatment after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: systematic review and network meta-analysis

British Medical Journal

Analysis (20 RCTs;n=4083) found moderate evidence to support dual antiplatelet use [aspirin(AS)+ticagrelor; OR 0.50,95% CI 0.31-0.79, NNT 10 or AS+clopidogrel; 0.60;0.42-0.86, 19] to reduce saphenous vein graft failure vs aspirin, with no significant differences in major bleeding.

 

Comparison of Events Across Bleeding Scales in the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Trial

Circulation

In this study of edoxaban vs warfarin (n=21,105; and 10,311 total bleeding events), there was ~4-fold difference in frequency of most severe bleeding events across commonly used bleeding scales (ISTH, TIMI, GUSTO, and BARC) among patients with AF at risk for stroke.

 

Long-term Thromboembolic Risk in Patients With Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation After Left-Sided Heart Valve Surgery

JAMA Cardiology

Study found new-onset post op AF (POAF) was linked to a similar long-term risk of thromboembolism as nonvalvular AF (crude incidence rates 21.9 and 17.7 events/1000 person-years respectively), highlighting need for further studies addressing anticoagulation in POAF population.

 

Revised SPC: Plavix (clopidogrel) tablets

electronic Medicines compendium

SPC now details that co-administration of opioids has the potential to delay and reduce the absorption of clopidogrel due to delayed gastric emptying. The use of parenteral antiplatelet agent in ACS should be considered where opioid co-administration is required.

 

Direct oral anticoagulant for the prevention of thrombosis in ambulatory patients with cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Journal of Thrombosis and Haemastasis

Review of 28 studies reports that low‐dose direct oral anticoagulant prophylaxis reduces the rate of overall venous thromboembolism in high‐risk cancer patients starting systemic chemotherapy but may increase the risk of bleeding.

 

 

The above records have been identified by UKMi and feature in the NICE Medicines Awareness Service. Further details on this service can be found at:

http://www.evidence.nhs.uk/about-evidence-services/content-and-sources/medicines-information/new-medicines-awareness-services